Monthly Archives: April 2019

DNA sequencing technique and applications

DNA sequencing

What is DNA sequencing? ”DNA sequencing is a technique of biotechnology to determine the genome sequence with precise nucleotide order within it.” Determination of precise sequence and order of DNA bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine is performed. The purpose is to analyze and compare

Plantibodies for therapeutic purposes


As the name suggests, plantibodies are class of antibodies, which are derived and generated in plants. Although mammalian cells are main source of engineered antibodies production, yet plants also can serve the same purpose as well. Plant biotechnologists aims to manipulate the natural abilities of

Nutritional biochemistry and metabolism

Nutritional biochemistry

The branch of science that interprets or explains the relationship of food with the functioning of living system is nutritional biochemistry. Nutrition refers to all kind of nourishment that is helpful for sustainability of life. The study of nutrient requirement and the diet that provides

foods for weight loss

10 most effective fat-burning foods

Setting summer body goals is quite easy but achieving these is never so.  In our busy routine life, soem of us may not be able to join a gym or do regular exercise. And foodies like me usually find it difficult to avoid food and

Mechanism of epigenetic modifications


Epigenetic modifications are stable heritable traits or phenotypes other than those which are based on genomic sequences. There are dynamic event that modulate the gene expression. These are functionally relevant changes and modifications of genome that excludes modifications of nucleotide sequences. For example, the mechanisms

bacterial transformation and selection of cells

Bacterial transformation and selection

Transformation is a basic technique of biotechnology to develop transformed cells (bacterial, plant or animal cell) containing a foreign DNA fragment in their genome. The foreign DNA incorporates in cellular genome in such a way that genes of foreign DNA express themselves. Therefore, the organism

The history of genetics

History of genetics

 The study of inheritance of traits from organism to its offspring and the way these traits are inherited is termed as genetics. It includes study of hereditary matter DNA, its genes and also the variations in genetic material of the organisms. The concept of evolution

Various types of Recombinant antibodies

Recombinant antibodies

The B cells of adapted immune system produces antibodies or immunoglobin molecules in response to foreign antigens. The emergence of recombinant DNA technology in 1970’s has led to the production of ‘engineered or recombinant’ antibodies (rAbs). Initially researchers tried their best for production of humanized

How to prevent ovarian cancer?

Ovarian cancer is linked with genetic mutations and their inheritance in family. This makes some of us are at more risks of developing ovarian cancer than some others. Studies suggest that BRCA gene mutation is linked to ovarian cancer in young females.(brca-gene)  BRCA 1 &

Cherries a must have of balanced diet

8 Health benefits of cherries

Cherry fruit comes from plants of genus prunus and a fleshy drupe (stone fruit). These are of various types such as bright red sour, dark Hudson, rainier  and yellow cherries. As raw fruit, these provide little nutrient content per 100 g serving (nutrient table). Overall,