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The birth order impact and science of sibling's

Science of siblings

I read it somewhere ‘siblings are, our by default best friends’. And it’s true in fact. Having siblings is no doubt a blessing. Sharing a stronger family bond is much more important and significant in developing our personality. We don’t just share blood with our

Research areas in plant biotechnology

Research areas in plant biotechnology

Biotechnology refers to manipulation of living organisms and their systems for manufacturing products. These are eventually for the betterment of humanity. Plant biotechnology is the sub-discipline which involves adding desired traits in plants. Moreover, it involves the research and manipulation of plant’s natural abilities. No

Medicinal plants for cancer treatment

Medicinal plants for cancer treatment

Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases killing a large number of people worldwide. Over the course of year, scientists have identified the molecular basis of cancer.Despite considerable efforts, cancer persists to be an aggressive killer worldwide. Hence a constant demand is required to develop

Botulism and its causes

Botulism

Botulism is severe infectious disease caused by neurotoxin botulinum. An infectious bacterial species Clostridium botulinum release this toxin. Botulisms food poisoning is one common illness which may lead to severe and fatal results. Moreover, botulism often leads to paralysis if remain untreated and undiagnosed. Botulinum

Novel approaches of biotechnology for cancer treatment

Novel approaches of biotechnology for cancer treatment

This is the era of research and scientific advancements. Biotechnology has a significant role in finding ways for cancer treatment. The novel approaches of plant biotechnology for cancer treatment focus on finding a workable therapeutic strategy. Cancer being one of the deadliest diseases is the

Parkinson's disease-signs and symptoms

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is nervous disorder. It affects the nervous coordination which eventually affects the body and muscle movement. The initial signs are tremors in hand and later it leads to stiffness and slowing of muscle and body movements. This is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder in

serial analysis for gene expression technique and applications

Serial analysis of gene expression

Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) is a technique used to provide a library of the mRNA sequences (transcripts) of the sample in the form of small tag sequences or the express sequence tags (EST), each of which correspond to a particular transcript. EST is

Thermoregulation in endotherms

Thermoregulation in endotherms

Endotherms regulate and maintain their internal body temperature within a homeostatic range. This phenomenon is termed as thermoregulation. These mechanisms vary according to the requirements. For instance, these are either for heat production or heat loss to maintain the internal body temperature of the organisms.

Endotherms and energy production

Temperature relations of endotherms

In birds and mammals which are homeothermic endotherms, there body temperature is regulated closely by homeostatic mechanisms. These mechanisms regulate loss of heat and heat production. Thus, they maintain constant body temperature, independent that of temperature of environment. In endotherms, the core temperatures are reserved

Heterotherms and temperature maintenance

Temperature relations of heterotherms

Animals cope with fluctuations in temperature by different ways. One of the basic ways is by generating and trapping the heat internally in order to maintain constant body temperature despite of the different changes in the external environment. Organisms can be heterotherms, endotherms or ectotherms