humanized antibody production

Humanized antibody

Humanized antibody is derived from a non-human source. For the purpose, the gene sequences are modified so as they resemble closely to naturally occurring Ab’s in humans. Humanization is the process of development of monoclonal antibodies involving a non-human source such as murin. The monoclonal

chemical weapons in warfare

Chemical warfare

The chemical weapons are either some gases or liquid, formulated with the aim to inflict death of living. A chemical weapon is anything that injures, irritate or kill by mean of chemical activity. These are ‘the chemicals of mass destruction’. These are different from conventional

marfan syndrome link with Fibrillin gene

Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome is a multi-systemic disorder of connective tissues. The basis is mutation in Fibrillin 1 gene. This disorder effects patient’s cardiovascular system badly. The symptoms are life threatening symptoms including aortic valve regurgitation, aortic root dilation and root dissection. The syndrome was first identified

antibody engineering and therapeutics

Antibody engineering

 Antibodies are immunoglobin molecules produced by the B cells of adapted immune system that recognize particular antigen and are responsible for its removal from body. The antibody molecule unique and highly specific for the type of antigen to which it recognizes and binds. The emergence

vasopressin neurotransmitter

Vasopressin as neurotransmitter

A neurotransmitter is an endogenous chemical. It is also named as chemical messenger and is responsible for chemical transmission of nerve impulse by neurons. They cause the transmission across the synapse between the neuron and the target neuron that can be a muscle or gland

interleukin polymorphism & alzheimers

Interleukin genes & Alzheimer

Alzheimer is a neurological disorder and a type of dementia. Dementia on the other hand is memory loss which gets worst with the passage of time and it affects the memory and the intellectual abilities of the affected person. The disease has genetic basis as

solution to vocal disability

Lab-grown vocal cords

Voice is an astonishing gift and no doubt a blessing to express ourselves and the main source of communication. Unfortunately, some of us are deprived of this blessing and have vocal disability. A person may have this speaking disability either by birth or due to

nerveagents effects on neurotransmitter

Nerve agents

Nerve agents or nerve gases are actually the dirty dark secret of scientific development and a threat to humanity and peace of world. These are chemicals or gases which affect the central nervous system or specifically neurons. This term applies to all chemicals that affect

autoimmune disease- allergy

Autoimmune diseases

Autoimmune allergic disorders are common in people and are due to problem with immune system. Immune system is the major defense mechanism of body of organism comprising of specialized cells and systems that provide resistance to disease. The main function of immune system is protection

genetically modified organisms

Genetically Modified Organisms

Animals have always been fascinating to human beings and animal breeding is one of the aims of human for several purposes. As animals inherit their genetic properties to their offspring, this creates bases of genetic selection of the animals with desired properties. Many of the